Σάββατο, 10 Οκτωβρίου 2009

THE PRE - SCHISM SAINTS OF BELGIUM

By Anthonios Markou

Published in the magazine “Orthodox Tradition” (No 4/1993, pp 30 - 33 and No 1/1994, pp 12 - 21).

Δημοσιεύθηκε στό Περιοδικό «Ὀρθόδοξη Παράδοση» (φ. 4/1993, σελ. 30 – 33 καί φ. 1/1994, σελ. 12 – 21.

It was at the prompting of Schemamonk Euthymios of Athikia Monastery in Corinth, Greece, a pious man well educated at Liege, that I first began my investigation of this interesting topic, resulting in the following index of the Saints of Belgium. The index is comprised of:
The name (or names) of the Saint (or Saints), in alphabetical order.
The Saint’s distinctive appellation, if any (e. g. St. Gertrude of Nivelles).
The present status of Saint’s cultus, that is, whether the name of the Saint is included in the Roman Martyrology (R.M.) and whether the cultus is an approved one (Approved Cult, A.C.) or an unofficial, popular cultus (Popular Cult or P.C.).
The notation “Aproved Cult” signifies that there is historical evidence of a Saint having been venerated as such, even if this evidence is nothing more, in the face of thw lack of any other official recognition, than the dedication of an ancient church to the Saint.
A “Popular Cult”, on the other hand, is that of a Saint given the title “Blessed” by the Roman Catholic Church (a distinction foreign to Orthodox hagiolatry).
4. The date of Saint’s feast accordinf to the Roman Martyrology or other hagiological sources; and
5. The year of Saint’s repose or martyrdom, whether definite (e.g. “d. 691”) or approximate (“d. ca. 691”).
In the index of Belgian Saints, I have used, for the greater part, the Roman Martyrology published in Rome in 1930. When I have also employd other hagiographical sources, I have identified them by the following abbreviations, respectively:
ATT., D. Attwater, “A Dictionary of the Saints”, 1933.
BAUD., D. I. Boudot, “Dictionnaire de Hagiographie”, 1925.
BOLLAND., the Bollandits “Acta Sanctorum”.
DICT. BAUDRILL., C. Baudrillart., “Dictiomaire d’ Historie et de Geographie Ecclesiastiques”, 1922.
DUCH. FAST. EPISC., L. Duchese, “Fastes Episcopaux de Ancienne Gaule”, 1907 - 1915.
CHEV., U. Chevalier, “Repertoire des sources Historiques du Moyen Age”, 1907.
HOLW., F. G. Holweck, “A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints”, 1924.
GAMS., P.P. Bonifacius Gams, “Series Episcoparum Eglesiae Catholicae”, 1931.
MAD., J. Madillon – Th. Ruinart, “Acta Sanctorum Ordinis S. Benedicti”.
P.B., P. Guerin, “Les Petits Bollandistes”.
RAMS., “The Book of the Saints” of the Benedictine Abbey of St. Augustine, Ramsgate, England, 1948.
STANTON., R. Stanton, "Menology of England and Wales", 1887.
ZIMM. P. Alfons Zimmerman, “Monch der Abtei Betten – Calendarie Benedictinum”, 1933 - 1935.

St. Abel the Bishop (d. ca. 751). P.C., August 5.
A Benedictine monk of English or Irish origin, St. Abel accompanied St. Boniface on his Europian missions. He was elected Archbishop of Reims, his election having been retified by the Synod of Soissons (744) and Pope St. Zachary. He was unable to take possession of his See, however, which was occupied by the intruder Milos. He retired to the Abbey of Lobbes, where he became abbot. (GAMS., CHEV., RAMS., HOLW., BAUD.).

Martyr Adalbald d’ Ostrevant (d. 625). A.C., February 2.
Born in Flanders, St. Adalbald was the son (or grandson) of St. Gertude of Hamage. He served at the Curt of King Dagobert I and married St. Rictrude. Their four children (Mauroutius, Clotsindis, Eusebia and Adalsindis) are also venerated as Saints. St. Adalbald was slain by relatives of his wife. (BOLLAND., ATT., BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Adalsindis of Marchinnes (d. ca. 715). P.C., December 25.
The dauqhter of Saints Adalbald and Rictrude, this Saint became a Banedictine nun in Arras, at Hamay-les-Marchiennes Convent, under his sister St. Eusebia. (MAD., BAUD., RAMS.)

St. Adegrin (also Adalgrin and Aldegrin, d. 434). P.C., June 4.
A former kniqht who joined St. Odo at Cluny, St. Adegrin embraced the life of a hermit near this monastery. (P.B., DICT. BAUDRILL., BAUD., CHEV., RAMS.).

St. Agia (also Aia, Austegildis and Aye, d. ca. 714). A.C., April 18.
Former wife of St. Hydulphus of Hainault, St. Agia became a Benadictine nun at the Convent of Mous, Castrilocus. (MAD., BAUD., CHEV., RAMS.)

St. Aldo the Abbot (d. late 8th c.). A.A. March 31.
The former Count of Ostrevant, St. Aldo became a monk at the Benedictine Abbey of Hasnon, a foundation of his brother John, where he became its second abbot. (BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.)

St. Amelberga of Manbenge (d. 640). A.C., July 10.
St. Amelberga was a niece (or sister) of St. Perin of Landen, wife of Count Witger and mother of Saints Gudula, Emebert, etc. When her husband joined the Abbey of Lobbes, she became a Benedictine nun at the Convent of Manbenge. (ATT., BOUD., DICT. BAUBRILL.).

St. Amelberga (d. ca. 772). R.M., July 10.
A Benedictine nun at the Convent of Munsterbilsen in Liege, St. Amelberga was the spiritual dauqhter of St. Willibrord. In 1073 her Relics were transferred to St. Peter’s Abbey at Ghent.

St. Amor (also Amour) the Founder (9th c.). A.C., October 8.
A hermit, born in Aquitaine, St. Amor lived as a recluse at Maestrict and founded the Convent of Munsterbilsen in Liege. (P.B., BOUD., DICT. BAUDRILL., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Amulwinus (also Amolvinus, d. ca. 750). A.C., February 7.
Abbot-Bishop of the Abbey of Lobbes after St. Erminus (+ 737). (ZIM., DICT. BAUDRILL., BAUD., RAMS.).

St. Anglinus the Abbot (d. ca. 768). A.C.,October 28.
Tenth abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of Stonelt - Malmedy in Liege. (ZIMM., BUND., CHEV.).

St. Autbert, Bishop of Arras – Cambrai (d. ca. 664). R.M., December 13.
A great advocate of monastic life and the founder of many monasteries (among them the famous Abbey of St. Vedastus, at Arras).

St. Autbodus of Laon (d. 640). A.C., November 20.
An Irish missionary in Artois, Picardy and Hainault, St. Autbodus died as hermit. (BOUD., ZIMM., RAMS.).

St. Ava the Abbess (also Avia, d. ca. 245). A.C., April 29.
St. Ava was the niece of King Pepin and blied in her childhood. She was miraculously curred by St. Rainfrede and became a Benedictine nun and, finale, abbess at Pinart. (ZIMM. BAUB., HOLW.).

St. Badilo the Abbot (d. ca. 870). A. C., October 8.
St. Badilo died as abbot of Vezelay (Yonne), Hainault. (ZIMM., CHEV., HOLW., BOUD., RAMS.).

St. Bavo the Hermit (d. ca. 654). R. M., October 1.
St. Bavo was born in the district of Liege and was converted by St. Amandus. A hermit at first, he founded the Abbey of St. Peter at Ghent and finally died as a recluse in the Mahnedy forest.

St. Berlinda (also Berlindis and Bellaude, d. 702). A. C., February 3.
St. Berlinda, the niece of St. Amandus, became a Benedictine nun at the Convent of St. Mary at Mooriel, near Alost. She reposed a recluse at Meerbeke. (MAD., RAMS., ATT., BAUD.).

St. Berthoald, Bishop of Arras-Cambrai (7th c.). A.C., October 13.
Fifth Bishop of Arras-Cambrai, a man of holy life, reposed in piece. (DUCH. FAST. EPISC., BAUD.).

St. Bertilia the Recluse (d. ca. 705). A.C., Janyary 3.
After her husband’s death, she lived as a recluse in a church she founded near Moroeuil, in Flanders (ATT., BAUD., HOLW., RANS.).

St. Bertrand (also Bertram, Bertran and Ebertram, 7th c.). A. C., January 24.
A disciple of St. Bertium and one of St. Omer’s helpers in the Northen French missions and Flandres. She repose as Abbot of St. Quentin’s Abbey. (RAMS., CHEV., HOLW., P.B.).

St. Bertulfus of Renty (also Berthulph, d. 705). A. C., February 5.
Born in Panonia, St. Bertulfus was converted in Flanders, where he became a Priest. He founded an abbey, in which he retired, on the land of Count Waybert, his benefactor, at Renty. (ATT., RAMS., BAUD., HOLW.).

St. Burchard of Lobbes (d. 1026). A. C., August 20.
Born in Hesse, St. Burchard became a monk at Lobbes. A famous compoler of canos and decretals, he was compelled by the Emperor Otto to accept the See of Worms in 1006. (GAMS., RAMS., BAUD., HOLW., ZIMM.).

St. Christianna (7th c.). A.C., July 24.
She lived in Flanders as a nun. Said to have been the dauqhter of an Anglo-Saxon King, she is the Patron-Saint of Termonde, Belgium. (RAMS., BAUD., HOLW.).

St. Chrysolius the Bishop, Hieromartyr (4th c.). A. C., February 7.
A Armenian by birth, St. Chrysolius left Armenia during the persecution of Diocletian. He became Bishop in N. E. France and ultimately suffered martyrdom in Flanders. (RAMS., BAUD., HOLW.)

St. Clotsindis of Marchiennes (also Clotsend, d. ca. 700). A.C., June 30.
Daughter of Saints Adalbald and Rigtrude. She succeeded her mother, abbess and founder of the Marchiennes Convent, as its second Abbeess, in 688. (BAUB., RAMS., CHEV.).

St. Cunbert of Maroilles (d. ca. 680). A.C. September 16.
Successor to St. Humbert as abbot of the Abbey of Maroilles, Cambrai. (BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.)

St. Dodo of Lobbes (d. ca. 750). A.C., October 1.
Born in Laon and placed from his childhood under St. Ursmarus, St. Dodo became a monk at Lobbes and reposed as abbot of Wallers-en-Faigne. (BAUD., HOLW., RAMS., CHEV.).

Sts. Domitian and Hadelinus (7th c.). A.C., June 15.
Desciples of St. Landelinus and monks of the Abbey of Lobbes. (BAUD., HLOW., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Dympha the Virgin Martyr (also Dymphna). R.M., May 15.
She was the daughter of an Irish chieftain, who escaped to Belgium accompanied by her shaplain, St. Gerebernus. Her relics were discovered at Cheel, near Antwerp, in the 13th c., where an asylum was built in her memory.

St. Edburga of Caistor (late 7th c.). A.C., June 20.
Dauqhter of Penda, a pagan King of Mercia, Britain, St. Edburga became a nun at Caistor, Northamptonshire. Her relics were later tranfered to Flanders. (BAUD., HOLW., RAMS., STANTON.).

St. Emebert, Bishop of Cambrai (also Hemebert, d. ca. 710). A.C., Jan. 15.
The brother of Sts. Gudula and Rainaldes. (BAUD., ATT., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Ermelinda of Meldaert (also Ermelindis, d. ca. 595). A.C., October 29.
Belgian by birth, St. Ermelinda lived as recluse at Meldaert, Tirlemont. (BAUD., HOLW., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Erminus the Bishop (d. 737). R.M., April 25.
Professed the Benedictine Rule at Lobbes, under St. Ursmarus, and died as abbot of Lobbes and regional Bishop.

St. Etto the Bishop (also Hetto, d. ca. 670). A. C., July 10.
Perhaps Irish by birth, St. Otto worked as a missionary Bishop-Abbot, with St. Peter’s Abbey at Fescan as his center. (LAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Eucherius, Bishop of Orleans (d. 743). R.M., February 20.
A man of good education, he became a monk at the Benedictine Abbey of Jemieges on the Seine, about the year 714. In 721, he became Bishop of his motherland, Orleans. King Carol Martel exiled him to Cologne, in 737, because he opposed the King on the matter of state ownership of Church property. St. Eucherius reposed st St. Trond’s Abbey in Maestricht, shortly after he was sent to Liege, on account of the threat of his porularity in Cologne.

St. Floribert, Bishop of Liege (d. 746). A.C., April 27. (ATT., BAUD., RAMS.).

St. Foillan the Hieromartyr (d. ca. 655). A.C., October 31.
Abbot of Burgcastle (Yarmouth, England) and brother of Saints Fursey and Ultane. Irish by birth, he worked as missionary in Eastern England. At the destruction of his monastery by the Mercians, he went to Belgium, where he founded the Abbey of Fosses, with the help of St. Ita of Nivelles. He was killed by robbers and is venerated as a Martyr. (ATT., BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Gaugericus, Bishop of Treves (also Gau and Gery, d. ca. 625). R.M., August 11.
He governed the united See of Arras-Cambrai for 39 years.

St. Gerard of Brogne (d. 959). R.M., October 3.
St. Gerard was a military page of the Court of his native Nante. In 98, he was sent to the French Court, subsequently becoming a monk at the Benedictine Abbey of St. Denis. He left for Belgium eleven years later, in order to found an abbey in Brogne and to introduce the Rule of St. Benedict into the monastic communities in Flanders, Lorraine and Champagne.

St. Gerebern (also Gerebrand, 7th c.). A/C., May 15.
An Irish Priest who accompanied St. Dympha to Belgium. (BAUD., HOUN., RAMS.).

St. Gerinus the Martyr (also Garinus and Werinus, d. 676). R.M., October 2.
A brother of St. Leodegarious, he was stoned to death, near Arras.

St. Gertrude of Nivelles (7th c.). R.M., March 17.
The younger daughter of Pepin of Landen and St. Ida, who founded the Nivelles Convent, at which St. Gertrude became the first abbess.

St. Gislenus the Abbot (also Ghislain and Guislain, d. ca. 680). R.M., October 9.
A Benedictine monk, the founder and, for 30 years, abbot of the Abbey os Sts. Peter and Paul (now St. Ghislain Abbey, near Mans, Hainault).

St. Godwin, Abbot of Stavelot-Malmendy (d. ca. 690). A.C., October 28.
Benedictine monk and Abbot of Stavelot-Malmendy’s Abbey. (CHEV., HOLW., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Gudula (also Goulde, d. 712). A.C., January 8.
Daughter of St. Amalberga. Trained by St. Gertrude at the Nivelles Convent, St. Gudula lived a life of great holiness in her own home. She is the patron Saint of Brussels. (ATT., BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Guthagon the Recluse (8th c.). A.C., July 3.
Irish by birth, St. Guthagon lived in Belgium as a hermit. (BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Guy, “the poor man of Anderlecht” (d. ca. 1012). R.M., September 12.
Born in Brabant region, this Saint spent seven years as a pilgrim in the Holy Land. He ultimately died a pauper at the public hospital in Anderlecht.

St. Hadelin of Celles (d. ca. 690). A.C., February 3.
A native of Gascony, St. Hadelin followed St. Remaclus to Maestricht and Stavelot. He founded the Abbey of Celles near Liege and died a hermit near Dinant on the Meuse. (BOUD., HOLW., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Hadelin of Crespin ( d. ca. 700). A.C., June 27.
A Benedictine monk under St. Landelinus, he was appointed by him Abbot of the Abbey of Crespin in Hainault. (BAUD., CHEV., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Hadulph, Bishop of Arras-Cambrai (d. ca. 728). A.C., June 23.
Former Count of Hainault, courtier at the Royal Palace of Austrasia and husband of St. Aye. He reposed as a monk at Lobbes. (BAUD., CHEV., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Hilduard the Bishop (also Hilward and Garibald, d. ca. 750). A.C., September 7.
A missionary Bishop in Flanders and founder of St. Peter’s Abbey at Dickelvenne. (BOUD,. HOLW., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Himelin of Vissenaeken (d. ca. 750). A.C., March 10.
An Irish of Scottish Priest, St. Himelin reposed at Vissenaeken, on his return from a pilgrimage to Rome. (ATT., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Hubert, Bishop of Maestricht (d. 727). R.M., November 3.
A courtier of Pepin of Heristal. According to traditional accounts, his conversion was similar to that of St. Eustathios Placidas. He succeeded St. Lambert as Bishop of Maestricht and transferred his See to Liege. In the West, he is reckoned as the patron Saints of hunters.

St. Humbert, Abbot of Maroilles (d. ca. 680). A.C., March 25.
A disciple of St. Amandus, he became the co-founder and first Abbot of the Abbey of Maroilles in Flanders. (BAUD., CHEV., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Ida of Nivelles (also Itta and Ita, d. 652). A.C., May 8.
Wife of Pepin of Landen. After his death, in 640, she became a Benedictine nun at Nivelles, under the guidance of her own dauqhter, St. Gertrude. (BAUD., CHEV., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Lambert, Bishop of Maestricht (d. 709). R.M., September 17.
Born in Maestricht, he became Bishop of this city in 668. He lost his See under the tyrant Ebroin and lived for seven years as a simple monk at the Abbey of Stavelot. Pepin of Heristal recalled him to his See. He was murdered in a village close to Liege.

St. Landelinus the Founder (7th c.). R.M., June 15.
A Hieromonk following the Benedictine Rule, he founded the Abbeys of Lobbes (654), Aulne (656), Walers (657) and Crespin (670).

Sts. Landoald and Amantus (7th c.). R.M., March 19.
According to tradition, these Saints, a Roman Priest and his Deacon, were sent by the Pope to evangelize what is now Belgium. They founded the church of Wintershoven.

St. Landrada of Munsterbilsen (d. ca. 690). A.C., July 8.
A Bendictine nun, foundress and first abbess of the Munsterbilsen Convent. (BAUD., HOLW., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Lewina the Virgin-Martyr (5th c.). A.C., July 24.
St. Lewina is said to have been a British maiden, martyred by Saxon invaders. In 1058, her relics were transferred from Seaford, in Sussex, to Berg, in Flanders. (ATT., BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Liephard (d. 640). A.C., February 4.
A Priest (and perhaps a Bishop), English by birth, he followed King Cadwalla to Rome and reposed on their way back to England, near Cambrai. (BAUD., HLOW., RAMS.).

St. Livinus the Hieromartyr (also Labwin, d. ca. 650). R.M., November 12.
An Irish missionary to Flanders, St. Livinus was ordained a Priest by St. Augustine of Canterbury. He was later consecrated Bishop for Ireland, but was martyred near Alost, in Brabant.

St. Maxellendis the Virgin-Martyr (d. ca. 670). A.C., November 13.
This Saint was killed at Caudry, near Cambrai, by Hardoun of Solesmes, who – in the fit of a rage - stabbed her because she wanted to be a nun and refused to marry him. (ATT., BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Meingold (d. ca. 892). A.C., February 8.
According to the Benedictine monks of Ramsgate, “Maingold of Huy on the Meuse was a holy man and was venerated in Belgium in the 10th c.”. According to ATT. And HOLW. The Saint “seems to have cofused with a certain Count Maingold, who was assassinated in 842”.

St. Monon the Martyr (d. ca. 645). A.C., October 18.
A hermit in Ardennes and Scottish by birth, he was martyred at Nassogne. (BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Oda, Princess of Aquitaine (d. ca. 723). A.C., October 23.
In her widowhood, St. Oda devoted herself to the care of the poor and suffering. Her relics are found in Amay, Liege. (BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Odilo, Abbot of Stavelot-Malmaundy (d. ca. 954). A.C., October 15.
A Benedictine monk of Gorze, Loraine, who raised the standard of studies and discipline at the Abbey of Stavelot-Malmaindy, where he was abbot. (RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Omer, Bishop of Therouanne (also Audomarus, 7th c.). R.M., Sept. 4.
A Benedictine monk at Luxeuil, St. Omer was born at Constance. He became Bishop of Therouanne, Flanders. He was a great missionary and was co-founder of the Abbey of Sithin, over which he placed St. Bertimus.

St. Pepin of Landen, Duke of Brabant (d. ca. 648). A.C., February 21.
St. Pepin was the Mayor of the Palace under the Kings Clotaire II, Dagobert and Sigebert (who belonged to the Carolingian Dynasty of the French Kings). He was the husband of St. Ida and father of St. Gertrude. He is described as “a lover of peace and a constant defender of truth and justice”. (ATT., BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Piaton the Martyr (also Piato and Piat, d. ca. 286). R.M., October 1.
Born at Benevento, Italy, he was sent by the Pope to evangelize Tournai, where he was martyred under Maximian.

St. Ranulphus the Martyr (also Ragnulf, d. ca. 700). R.M., May 27.
He was the father of St. Hadulph, Bishop of Arras-Cambrai, and was martyred at Theles, near Arras.

St. Remaclus, Bishop of Maestricht (d. 7th c.). A.C., September 3.
A courtier and native of Aquitaine, he was appointed, after his ortdination to the Priesthood, the first abbot of the Abbey of Solignac, near Limoge, and then to the Abey of Cougnon in Luxemburg. In 648, he founded the twin Abbeys of Stavelot and Malmendy, and in 652 he became Bishop of Maestricht. (ATT., BAUD., CHEV., HOLW., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Rembert, Bishop of Hamburg-Bremen (d. 888). R.M., February 4.
Born in Flanders, he became a monk at Turholt. He shared in St. Anschar’s mission to Scandinavia and in 865 succeeded him to the See.

St. Rictrude of Marchiennes (d. 688). A.C., May 12.
Born in Gascony, she was the wife of St. Adalbald and the mother of Saints Maurontious, etc. She became the abbess and foundress of the Marchiennes Convent, in which she served for forty years. (ATT., BAUD., CHEV., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Servatus, Bishop of Tangres (also Servais, d. 384).
He was the host of St. Athanasios the Great, when the latter was exiled to the West.

St. Sidronius the Martyr (d. ca. 270). R.M., July 11.
A Roman Martyr under Aurelian. In the Middle Ages his relicw were translated to Flanders.

St. Sigibert the King (d. 635). A.C., September 27.
Sigibert III, son of Dagobert I, was King of Austrasia (Eastern France). Under the influence of St. Pepin of Laden, St. Cunibert of Cologne, and other saintly persons, he became the founder of numerous hospitals, churches and monasteries, such as the Abbey of Stavelot-Melmendy. He died at the age of 25. (ATT., HOLW., CHEV., RAMS.).

St. Sigolinus of Stavelot-Malmendy (also Sighelm, d. ca. 670). A.C., October 29.
He was Abbot of the Abbey of Stavelot-Malmendy. (HOLW., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Theodard, Bishop of Maestricht (d. ca. 670). R.M., September 10.
Disciple of St. Remaclus and his successor as Abbot at Stavelot-Malmendy (653) and as Bishop (662). He was murdered by robbers in the forest of Bienwald.

St. Theodoric, Bishop of Arras-Cambrai (d. 863). A.C., August 5.
He was Bishop of Arras-Cambrai at the period 830 - 863. (BAUD., DUCH. FAST. EPISC.).

St. Theodulphus of Lobbes (also Thiou, d. 776). R.M., June 24.
He was the third Abbot of the Abbey of Lobbes.

St. Tillio of Solignac (also Thielman, Theau, Tilman and Hillonius, d. ca. 702). A.C. January 7.
He was born in Saxony and became a monk at Solignac. As a Priest, he evangelized Turnai and Courtai. (ATT., CHEV., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Ultan of Fosses and Peronne (late 7th c.). A.C., May 2.
Irish by birth, St. Ultan was the brother of Saints Fursey and Foillan. He was chaplain to St. Gertude’s convent at Nivelles and tauqht chanting to the nuns. He succeeded his brother St. Foillan in the abbacy of Fosses and Peronne. (HOLW., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Ursmar of Lobbes (d. 713). R.M., April 19.
Bishop-Abbot of the Abbey of Lobbes and founder of Aulne and Wallers.

St. Vedast, Bishop of Arras-Cambrai (also Vaast, Vaat, Gaston and Foster, d. 539). R.M., February 6.
Co-worker of St. Remigius in the conversion of the Franks. For about 40 years he was Bishop of Arras-Cambrai.

St. Vindician, Bishop of Arras-Cambrai (d. 712). A.C., March 12.
A disciple of St. Eligius, he died as hermit. With great courage, he protested against the excesses of the Merovingian Kings. (ATT., BAUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Vulganius the Hermit (d. ca. 704). A.C., November 3.
Irish or Welsh by birth, he evangelized Atrebati. He reposed as hermit at Arras. (BOUD., HOLW., RAMS., ZIMM.).

St. Vuglis the Bishop (d. ca. 760). A.C., February 4.
Bishop-Abbot of the Abbey of Lobbes. (BOUD., CHEV., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Walbert (also Vaubert, d. ca. 678). A.C., May 11.
Duke of Loraaine and Count of Hainault, as well as the husband of St. Bertilia and the father of Saints Waldetrudis and Aldegundis. (BOUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Waldetrudis (also Vaudru, d. ca. 688). R.M., April 9.
Daughter of Saints Walbert and Bertilia, wife of St. Vincent Madelgarus, and mother of Saints Landericus, Dentelinus, Madelbert and Aldetrudis. Aroud her convent the town of Mans, Belgium, grew up.

St. Wilfetrudis of Nivelles (d. ca. 670). A.C., November 23.
Second abbess of Nivelles Convent. (BOUD., HOLW., RAMS.).

St. Wulmar of Samer (also Ulmar, Vilmarus and Vilmer, d. ca. 684). A.C., July 20.
Founder and first Abbot of the Abbey of Samer, near Boulogne. He was previously a lay-brother (Benedictine Rule) at Hainault. (ATT., BAUD., HOLW., RAMS., ZIMM.).




















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